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Rationality Problem for Algebraic Tori


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2017 | ISBN-10: 1470424096 | 215 Pages | PDF | 1 MB

The authors give the complete stably rational classification of algebraic tori of dimensions $4$ and $5$ over a field $k$. In particular, the stably rational classification of norm one tori whose Chevalley modules are of rank $4$ and $5$ is given.The authors show that there exist exactly $487$ (resp. $7$, resp. $216$) stably rational (resp. not stably but retract rational, resp. not retract rational) algebraic tori of dimension $4$, and there exist exactly $3051$ (resp. $25$, resp. $3003$) stably rational (resp. not stably but retract rational, resp. not retract rational) algebraic tori of dimension $5$.The authors make a procedure to compute a flabby resolution of a $G$-lattice effectively by using the computer algebra system GAP. Some algorithms may determine whether the flabby class of a $G$-lattice is invertible (resp. zero) or not. Using the algorithms, the suthors determine all the flabby and coflabby $G$-lattices of rank up to $6$ and verify that they are stably permutation. The authors also show that the Krull-Schmidt theorem for $G$-lattices holds when the rank $leq 4$, and fails when the rank is $5$.
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