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Difficulties of English: Articles


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English | 2 Apr. 2016 | ASIN: B01DS5905Y | 79 Pages | AZW3 | 260.15 KB
Broadly speaking, the Difficulties of English concern the verb and the noun: the former deals with indicative, hypothetical, and non-personal forms, the latter tackles articles and prepositions.
In order to consistently explain these nearly 200 items, new interpretations had to be introduced (cf. the General Conclusions). Thus, the indicative tenses have been presented as a temporal - aspectual contrast between nonperfect : perfect and nonprogressive
progressive forms.
The non-indicative forms are treated as a separate hypothetical mood made up of synthetic subjunctive and analytic modal phrases. The typical example of the hypothetical mood in English are conditional sentences with a synthetic form in the if-clause and an analytic one - in the main clause.
The non-personal (infinitive, gerund, participle) forms are governed by the same principle as the indicatives.
The key to the article usage is provided by a new definition of the articleless proper name. It elucidates the, a, and zero articles preceding common nouns.
Finally, the explanation of prepositions is based on one general concept of their spatial origin reinterpreted in a variety of ways.
Despite an enormous and extremely controversial literature on these subjects, the present book avoids polemics, discussions, quotations, and so on in order to streamline the presentation, make it concise and interesting to a wide range of fairly advanced foreign learners without any special linguistic training but eager to improve their English.
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