English | 1969 | ISBN: 0824715209 | 688 Pages | PDF | 94.1 MB
This volume reviews the state of our knowledge of superconductivity, both experimental and theoretical, as it was in 1957 when the microscopic theory was formulated by Bardeen, Cooper, and Schrieffer, which is now known universally as the BCS theory. The treatment is not historical; rather, an attempt is made to provide the background for the many topics which the succeeding chapters will discuss in detail. In the limited space available, it will not be possible to provide exhaustive compilations of experimental results or references. Representative recent references are quoted, however, and the reader is referred to them, and to the general references at the end of the chapter, for details. The first half of the chapter concerns itself with an account of the fundamental properties which distinguish a superconductor from other solids and of its behavior in mechanical, thermal, and electromagnetic fields. The latter half of the chapter discusses the thermodynamics of superconductors and the several phenomenological theories which have been proposed to explain these properties.